Example of Prime Numbers Use in Biblical Events

When God created numbers, He created types of numbers. One type of number is known as prime numbers. Prime numbers are simply numbers that are divisible by the number 1 or themselves.  The other type of number is known as even or non-prime numbers. These type of numbers are divisible by many numbers.

 He is One and He chose one type of number above the others to highlight His mighty acts in the Bible. God chose to use prime numbers to number many of His mighty acts in the Bible. The following article contains a few examples of how He did this.

2+1  Examples

There are many examples in the Bible where God used the prime number 3. For example, in Luke 9:32, Jesus said:

“32 Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day


And in Luke 13:32, Jesus said:


“32 And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to day and to morrow, and the third day I shall be perfected.”


God raised Him from the grave on the 3rd day. This is just one of the many ways that that God used the prime number 3 in the Bible. God used the prime number 3 to highlight the resurrection of Christ.


6+1=7 Examples

Another prime number that God used in the Bible is the prime number 7. An example of this can be found in  Exodus 31:15, here the Bible states:

“15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.”


Another example of the sabbath as the 7th day is found in Exodus 31:17:


“17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.”


God rested on the 7th day and made it a holy day. God made the first holy day in the Bible to fall on a prime number, the prime number 7.  

12+1   Examples

The Bible also contains examples where God used the prime number 12+1=13 to number.  For example, God used this number to number the first disciples to accompany Jesus. In Matthew 3:14, the Bible states”

“14 And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach,”

Christ also went forth to preach and when He is counted, He is the 13th . The number 13 is a prime number.

40 Days Examples

God also used the number 40 to number the days of rain in the great flood. For example, in Genesis 7:12, the Bible states:

“12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.”


On the 41st day the rains stopped, the number 41 is a prime number. God also used the number 40 to number days in Matthew 4:2.


“2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.”


It was on the 41st day that Satan came to tempt Him. 41 is a prime number.   


40 Years Example


God also used the number 40 to number years in the Bible.  One example is found in the book of Numbers. In this event, Israel angered God by doubting Him.  God sentenced Israel to walk in the desert for 40 years. In Numbers 14:34,  God told Israel:

“34 After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise.”


In Number 32:13, the Bible states:

“13 And the LORD'S anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the LORD, was consumed.”


In the following year, the 41st year,  God commanded Joshua to prepare Israel to enter the Promised Land. Israel entered the Promised Land in their 41st year after leaving Egypt. The number 41 is a prime number.


 70 Years Examples

God also used the number 70 to number events in the Bible. For example, in Jeremiah 25:12, the Bible states”

“12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.”


God used this number again in prophecy in Jeremiah 29:10.

“10 For thus saith the LORD, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place.”


After the 70 years is the 71st year, Israel began to return to the land.  The number 71 is a prime number.




400 Years Examples

In Genesis 15:13, God gave Abraham a prophecy that His children would be in bondage in Egypt for 400 years.

“13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;”


After the 400th year is the year 401. The number 401 is a prime number.


The Bible notes the total number of years that Israel spent in the land of Egypt. For example in Exodus 12:41, the Bible states:

“41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

Therefore, in the 431st year God led Israel out of Egypt. The number 431 is a prime number.


Noah and the Flood

In Genesis 7:6, the Bible states the age of Noah at the time of the great flood:


“6 And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth.”


As the scripture notes, He was 600 years old when God flooded the earth. Therefore, it is during His 601st year of his life that God spared him and his family during the great flood. The number 601 is a prime number.

This is just one of the many ways that God used prime numbers in His Word. The books of the Bible Number Series contain detailed examples of the many ways that God used prime numbers to highlight events in the Bible.